Thirteen ways to make this yuletide greener
OK elves,” hollers Santa, pushing his glasses down upon his nose, “let’s see who’s been good this year.” A cheer goes up around him as he runs his finger down a list, heartily ho-ho-hoing as he passes the names of the well behaved.
Suddenly he stops. The workshop falls silent. “Each year the UK throws away enough wrapping paper to go around the equator nine times?” Santa asks, furrowing his brow, “and they bin 74m mince pies?”
“I’m afraid so, sir,” says the elf to his right. “They’re on the naughty list.”
However it’s carved, Christmas’s impact on the environment is as much a nightmare as anything Ebenezer Scrooge experienced.
Here’s how to make your festivities cleaner than a cracker joke:
1. Rent, recycle or reuse your tree
The most environmentally friendly way to have a tree is to rent one. “Customers love the idea of being able to contribute in some small way towards sustainability and a healthy planet,” says Craig Tennock from Cotswold Fir Forestry, which hires out trees in Gloucestershire. “Then there’s the aspect of being able to have your very own personal tree year after year.”
A growing number of companies enable people to rent Christmas trees. Image: Bernard Hermant
If you can’t rent, buy a potted spruce and grow it in your garden for reuse each year. Or buy a FSC-certified tree to ensure it’s from a well-managed forest and recycle it properly – most councils recycle trees by turning them into chippings, reducing their carbon footprint by up to 80 per cent compared with sending them to landfill.
Plastic trees, which can only go to landfill, have double the carbon footprint of a real tree. If you already have one, keep using it though.
2. Make your own Christmas decorations
It takes the shine off Christmas decorations when you discover that neither tinsel nor baubles are recyclable. Make your own instead with salt-dough hanging decorations, dried orange slice ornaments and sticks of cinnamon for the tree. Each is fully compostable, while wreaths made using foraged materials like pine cones, ivy and holly can be recycled at the kerbside.
3. Ditch the outside Christmas lights, go solar inside
Outdoor Christmas lights create so much light pollution that Nasa can see them from space, so it can be beneficial keeping festive illuminations inside. Decorative lights cost the UK £3.75m a day to run over the festive period, so opt for solar-powered LED tree lights. Turn them off at night.
4. Use an ethical search engine to look for gifts
If researching gifts online, use non-for-profit Ecosia. 80 per cent of their advertising revenue funds reforestation efforts in countries like Brazil and Indonesia. Plus, they don’t save your searches, track the websites you visit, or sell your data.
5. Choose cards wisely – and recycle any you receive
The UK sends an estimated 1.05bn Christmas cards each year, but 1bn of them don’t get recycled – the equivalent of cutting down nearly 350,000 trees. 1 Tree Cards sell 100 per cent recycled cards, printed with vegan inks and using renewable energy. Plus, for every card they send, they plant a tree through Eden Reforestation Projects. Alternatively, buy recycled or FSC-certified cards and avoid those with glitter or plastic.
Buying cards made out of recycled paper can help prevent trees being felled. Image: Annie Spratt
6. Buy less and buy ethically
A YouGov survey found that 57 per cent of people in the UK receive at least one unwanted gift, so ask people what they want for Christmas – or give them a few options to choose from. Our own ethical gift guide has lots of great ideas, but focus on buying less and buying better.
7. Regifting and secondhand gifts
According to a study, the amount of manmade material created each week weighs the same as Earth’s total population. Don’t add to it: regift unwanted presents, search for secondhand gems in charity shops, hand make your own sustainable safekeeps and avoid anything that requires batteries.
“The pre-loved movement has completely changed the way we think about gifting. Many people don’t want to receive a stack of brand new presents that they know have had a negative impact on the environment,” says Helen Elfer, founder of Stork, a pre-loved marketplace for families.
Foraged materials like pine cones can be used to make sustainable decorations. Image: Annie Spratt
8. Wrap gifts using Furoshiki or recyclable brown paper
The UK throws away obscene amounts of wrapping paper and the plastic, foil, glitter and sticky tape on many sheets makes them unrecyclable. Furoshiki, a traditional, reusable Japanese wrapping cloth is a fab alternative – or else use recyclable brown paper.
9. Buy sustainable Christmas crackers
According to BusinessWaste.co.uk, 99 per cent of Brits throw away the plastic gifts inside Christmas crackers. Either buy plastic-free crackers through charities like the RSPB or try making your own using loo rolls holders, brown paper and a bit of tongue-out craftsmanship.
10. Buy food made through resilient farming systems
“By shopping locally, we can talk to people about where our food comes from, to make informed decisions about the kind of food we want to eat, and the farming practices we want to support,” explains Lucia Monje-Jelfs from the Sustainable Food Trust.
Do your research for Christmas dinner. The Farms to Feed Us database highlights small-scale producers growing food using resilient farming systems, whilst Big Barn pulls together more than 600 artisan and specialist producers who support local sustainable agriculture.
The Olio app enables people to share Christmas leftovers with people who need them. Image: Monika Grabkowska
11. Go meat-free (if not, go organic and free-range)
Having a plant-only diet is the best thing we can do to lower carbon emissions and with so many great vegan and vegetarian cookbooks around (try Anna Jones or Vanilla Black), now’s the time to go the full (meat-free) hog. If flesh is your festive fancy, buy local, organic and free-range. Here’s a guide to shopping organic on a shoestring.
12. Plan better, eat less and donate your leftovers
The UK throws away a reported 2m turkeys at Christmas, crowning 270,000 tonnes of uneaten festive grub. To reduce waste, clear the fridge before Christmas, and plan and portion your meals sensibly. Share any leftovers on Olio, an app that pairs you with neighbours who might need them – and supplies recipes to make best use of leftovers.
13. Drink sustainably
“Drink all that stuff that’s been in the back of the cupboard forever,” advises Tim Etherington-Judge, co-founder of Avallen, a Calvados brand aiming to be the world’s most sustainable spirit. Drinking seasonally is important too. “Avoid citrus, avoid summer fruits. Don’t drink passion fruit daiquiris at Christmas,” he says.
Aim to buy locally, from drinks producers who are trying to make a difference like Cooper King Distillery gin, Nc’nean Distillery whisky, Sapling Spirits vodka, and fizz from the Sustainable Wines of Great Britain.
Main image: Markus Spiske